Research Design

Author: Dr Indrajeet P. Shah[1], Dr Amit A. Bhasme[2]

[1]Reader, Dept of Medicine,
Dr D. Y. Patil Homoeopathic Medical College, Pune.

[2]Lecture, Dept of Medicine,
Dr D. Y. Patil Homoeopathic Medical College, Pune.

Address for correspondence:

Dr Indrajeet P. Shah

Dr D. Y. Patil Homoeopathic Medical College, Pune.

Objectives of Research

The prime objectives of research are

  1. To discover new facts
  2. To verify and test important facts
  3. To analyse an event or process or phenomenon to identify the cause and effect relationship
  4. To develop new scientific tools, concepts and theories to solve and understand scientific and nonscientific problems
  5. To find solutions to scientific, nonscientific and social problems and
  6. To overcome or solve the problems occurring in our everyday life.


The research design is the conceptual structure within which research is conducted. It provides the back bone structure of the study; it supports the study and holds it together. The research design refers to the researcher overall plan for answering the research question or testing the research hypotheses.

The research design refers to the overall strategy that you choose to integrate the different components of the study in a coherent and logical way, thereby, ensuring you will effectively address the research problem; it constitutes the blueprint for the collection, measurement, and analysis of data. It a detailed outline of how an investigation will take place. A research design will typically include how data is to be collected, what instruments will be employed, how the instruments will be used and the intended means for analyzing data collected.

Hence Research Design is:

  • A framework for the research plan of action.
  • A master plan that specifies the methods and procedures for collecting and analyzing the needed information

•        A strategy for how the data will be collected.

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